What are the objectives of the training programs?
- To conduct basic training program for village leaders, villagers and government officials of SMU pilot villages.
- To create a proposal of project implementation based on the need’s survey brainstormed by instructors and to use it as a model reference for negotiation with involving organizations such as DOA, KOICA and PM office.
- To prepare a need survey based on the suggestions of related organizations such as DOA, KOICA and PM office for getting highest outcomes of the training implementations with specified budget.
- To approve training proposal confirmed by DOA for successful operations based on Need’s survey.
How often are trainings generally held?
- The training is generally held once a month.
What is the duration of the training programs?
- It depends on the training program.
- Basic Saemaul Undong Training Program lasts for 5 days, Agriculture and Livestock training for Saemaul Leaders, for 10 days.
- Workshop for DOA staff, for 3-4 days.
- Basic Saemaul Undong Trining for Public, for 1 day.
- Special Training Program, for 5 days.
How do you select the trainees for the training program?
- Saemaul Leaders and villagers from the SMU project village, In-charge of village and township Officers to supervise SMU project villages and village administrators of the SMU project villages are selected for the training programs.
Question and Answer for AERDTC Study Tour Guest
How do you choose the trainees?
As the priority, the village leaders and villagers of 110 SMU project pilot villages from different regions and states are selected. Besides, township managers of DOA, project contact persons and village-in-charge are selected. As the special program, village administrators and village leaders of Mya Sein Young project villages are trained.
How do you select the project pilot villages?
Before the project begins, the villages are selected based on the land situation: Plain area, Mountain area and coastal area. The villages which are potential to develop with enough land and water resource are selected. The villages near around the capital city of the regions and the states are selected. The villages which are together without scattering are selected. The villages which have 100 – 200 households are selected. The villages which have active and enthusiastic villagers are selected. The villages are selected but the village tracts are not. The 100 villages from 25 townships of 9 Regions and States are selected. Currently the 110 villages from 27 townships of 10 Regions and States are implemented due to the extended implementation of the 5
villages from Yangon Region and 5 villages from Rakhine State.
Is there any successful village in the project?
Leading by the project office, the 110 villages are graded as A, B and C. Based on the three practices of SMU project, the representatives from the Regions and States have to check other village’s activities. Finally the project office evaluates all villages’ activities and gives the grade to all villages. According to the 2015-2016 evaluation, the 30 villages are awarded A grade, 40 villages, B grade and 30 villages, C grade. Among them, Waegyi village, Kyauk Tan Township, Yangon Region achieve the first. According to the 2016-2017 evaluation, the 30 villages are awarded A grade, 40 villages, B grade and 30 villages, C grade. Among them, Waegyi village, Kyauk Tan Township, Yangon Region achieve the first second time.
In this project, do Mya Seing Young (Ever Green Project) villages participate?
No, they are not involved in this project. However, the village leaders of Mya Sein Young villages are trained once in 2017. Because of the good result, the two times of training for 170 leaders are conducted in 2018.
Can we apply to do this project if we want?
No. With the friendship of Korea and Myanmar, this project is conducting the 100 pilot villages as the model villages. Therefore, the originally selected villages are involved in this project. It is suggested that the SMU practices based on the project successes can be done with either the other supports or national funds.
How to select the village leaders?
There are SMUCs in all villages of the project. Before organizing the SMUC, the meeting including all villagers are conducted inviting the villagers. At the meeting, the village in-charge or the township manager of DOA has to explain the processes of the project to the villagers. Then all villagers vote by themselves for SMUC to select chairman, secretary, the three leaders for capacity building, living environment improvement and income generation, and the two auditors. Totally there are 13 participants in the SMUC. Not only the training centre but also the project office doesn’t meddle in selecting the village leaders.
How many countries are there this kind of project are done in?
There are 43 countries in which the SMU projects are led by Korea.
How many percentages does the project succeed?
To know the project’s success, it will be evaluated by doing base line survey, mid line survey and end line survey. The collection of data will be done by other department or organization. To be sure result, 50 control villages which is not the project villages will be compared and evaluated. The participation, support and development of the villages are evidently observed and seen.
What is the difficulty?
There are not many difficulties. Being the villagers, they have to try adapting to the new environment, can’t use the toilet and bathroom when they arrive AERDTC. That’s all.
Is there any plan to give the training to the other villages that are not in the project?
No, there is no plan.
Is there any limitation of education and age for the trainees?
There is no limitation for education but for the age, the trainee must be between 18 and 69 years old. In the 5 day training, there is no educational limitation but in the agricultural and livestock training, the trainee must be in the middle school education at least.
Do you, the training centre, conduct the survey to know the trainees’ successes after the training?
Yes, we have follow-up program in which we go to the trainees and survey them with the question papers.
How do you evaluate whether the trainees apply the knowledge and the disciplines learned in the training when they arrive to their villages?
We have follow-up program in which we go to the trainees and survey them with the question papers. At that time, we evaluate the mentioned fact.
Until when do Korean experts work?
Now there are two Korean experts and they are Mr. Chung Kap Jin, Principal and Mr. Ann Song Il, Administration Director. The SMU project will terminate in March, 2019, and so they will hand over training centre to Department of Agriculture and at that time they will go back.
How does AERDTC continue after 2019?
AERDTC runs under the management of Agricultural Extension Division, DOA. Besides, external cooperation division of AERDTC is trying to do the international standard projects for agricultural extension and rural development by contacting the international organizations.
Do you have any plan to train the villagers of other villages except the project villages?
AERDTC train the villagers of the project villages as the main duty because it is one of the objectives of the project. There is no plan to train the villagers from other villages. However we conduct the training if other organization request to give training to them. We conduct the training to Myan Sein Young village leaders. Now we have a plan to train the students of Yezin Agricultural University.
Do you have any plan to extend the project area to the regions and states in which there is no project villages?
There are 5 region and states in which there is no project village. We have presented to KOICA Head Quarter to negotiate for extending to those area. Currently it’s not sure.
Why do you select 40 villages from Nay Pyi Taw?
There is one objective for Nay Pyi Taw to be the model for other regions and states. Therefore 40 villages are selected in Nay Pyi Taw to try to be the best.
How many kinds of training are there? Which training last longest?
There are five kinds of trainings in AERDTC. Basic Saemaul Undong Training program lasts 5 days. Basic training on agriculture and livestock for Saemaul Undong leaders is for 10 days. Public training is for one day. Workshop for government staff is for 3-4 days. Special training is conducted based on the external organization’s request.
Which section did Korea focus on to develop the country?
If we talk about Korea’s development, we have to say about Park Chung Hee. As soon as he became president of South Korea, than he tried the two policies for the farmers.
(1) The farmers must be free from the debt of the private lenders.
(2) The farmers’ self-reliance must be enhanced by themselves.
For the first policy, he used some public fund to pay the debt of each farmer. For the second policy, the National Reconstruction Movement with three mind-sets: diligence, self-reliance and saving are performed but it didn’t succeed. Then, Saemaul Undong with three mind-sets: diligence, self-reliance and cooperation are practiced and it succeeds a lot. When the Saemaul Undong is successful, he tried the SMU spirit into the other various sectors. The business men are invited and trained to penetrate the spirits into their heart. He tried to produce the products for export with the business man. For example, the family business owners are invited and tried to export the products for foreign currency before they were Hondai, Posoco, Daewoo, LG and so on. At that
time, Korea tried to develop economic by penetrating into not only the public but also the children the mind-set: the exporter is the good man and the importer is the bad man. Cooperating with Germany, Korea established the fertilizer plant. Korea tried to produce the farm machineries in domestic by buying the machines from Germany and Japan, separating the whole into parts and imitating the new one. To formulate the new income generation route for the farmers in agricultural sector, product specialization zone were developed thoroughly the country and the processing plant are constructed for the new agricultural products. Traditional agriculture is transformed to the agriculture industry. In this change, there are two kinds of industry: agriculture industry and agricultural industry. Mainly, agricultural food market, food industry, agricultural input industry and agricultural trade industry are transformed. The main factor is Saemaul spirit. This is the one we are doing here as Myanmar Saemaul Undong Project and we, AERDTC, nurture those three spirits in the villagers’ heart. Korea have developed in all sectors and Park Chung Hee is recognized the founder of Korea economic sector development by Korea until the present time.